October 4 - Leonardo Siligato
A quick start guide to company reports that will show you the key indicators to zero in on; where to find them; and most importantly, how to interpret them.
Make it rain dividends!
But wait, wtf are dividends?
A dividend is a slice of a company’s profits, which you’re entitled to if you own its shares. When you buy a company’s shares, you’re not just gambling on the price going up but you’re also owning a stake in the company. Even if that stake is just like 0.00001%, it’s still a stake!
So when a company reports their financial results at the end of each quarter (called earnings), they’ll typically also announce the amount of dividend to be paid per share. So if a company is paying out a 50-cent dividend and you own 100 shares, you’ll get to cash in a cheque for a cool $50. And all you did was purchase shares!
Good question. I like the way you think, you cynical bastard.
Let’s pretend your neighbourhood drug dealer (hopefully, you don’t live in that kind of ‘hood) has collected money from investors and issued shares. Soon, his business takes off faster than a getaway car after a bank robbery, and the profits keep rolling in.
So now the dealer can look at how to invest his profits. But if none of his options make sense, then he might decide to return some of those profits to his shareholders since he doesn’t need the cash anyway. It keeps the shareholders happy by rewarding them and attracts more investors. (Or at least until his business gets busted by authorities. #thuglife)
The idea of holding dividend-paying stocks with a high dividend yield and just waiting for the cheques to arrive in the mail is naturally pretty tempting. After all, you’re making money without even breaking a sweat.
But there’s no such thing as a sure bet. A company’s dividend can be increased or decreased from year to year depending on how its business does. It can even cut the dividend and distribute zero money to shareholders, if they want.
And as you’ve learnt from Tinder, sometimes if it’s too good to be true – then it probably is. Some failing companies try to lure in more investors with high dividends. It’s not always easy to spot these. For example, Enron paid dividends until it was exposed as a fraudulent sack of shit, and its stock crashed and burned.
But that’s just, um, an extreme example.
There are also plenty of healthy, established companies that pay good dividends. Check out our list of the Top 6 and a Half Highest Dividend Stocks, all of which you can trade with BUX.
Yeah, baby. Remember that drug dealing business we talked about?
That dealer may want to invest all his profits back into the business. Sometimes that’s the only way for the organisation to grow. He might have to spend money to recruit more sellers to stand on shady street corners.
Or he might simply buy out other dealers in the neighbourhood. On Wall Street, they call that an acquisition. Or a hostile takeover, if there’s any resistance to the deal. (Although in this fictional ‘hood, a hostile takeover might actually involve firearms.)
Which is why some investors looking for high growth stocks (as opposed to high dividend stocks) don’t mind getting zero dividends. They just want their investments to grow and in order for that to happen, the companies have to keep raking in the profits.
In fact, many large, profitable companies don’t pay dividends. Apple is a famous example. Why? Because innovation costs money, duh!
Look, whether the profits get reinvested back into the company’s moneymaking machine or returned to investors as dividends – remember that those profits still belong to the shareholders.
In the case of Apple, investors are just more interested in capital gains than dividends. Capital gains refers to the profit you make from the sale of any asset, like stocks. Because if you could build a time machine and travel back to 2002, you should totally tell your younger, stupider self to go buy Apple stock!
February 17 - Jitan Solanki
There's a way to see just how well your investment is being spent and it's called the dividend payout ratio. Before you think this will be as difficult as learning to speak Latin, fear not because we break down what the dividend payout ratio is and how you can calculate it - even if you failed math in school!